Pacific Southwest ATTC (HHS Region 9) LA Region PAETC Charles Drew University

Heroin, Prescription Opioids, and HIV: What Clinicians Need to Know

January 2018

Heroin, Prescription Opioids, and HIV PowerPoint Presentation

Heroin, Prescription Opioids, and HIV Trainer Guide

Heroin, Prescription Opioids, and HIV Fact Sheet**

References Cited in Fact Sheet**

  1. Opium: A Martin Booth Simon & Schuster, Ltd., 1996.
  2. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2005). Prescription Drugs: Abuse and Addiction Research Report Series. NIH Publication No. 05-4881. Rockville, MD: National Institutes of Health.
  3. Cicero, T.J., & Ellis, M.S. (2015). Abuse-deterant formulations and the prescription opioid abuse epidemic in the United States: Lessons learned from OxyContin. JAMA Psychiatry, 72(5), 424-430.
  4. Mars, S.G., Bourgois, P., Karandinos, G., Montero, F., & Ciccarone, D. (2014). "Every 'Never' I Said Came True": Transitions from opioid pills to heroin injecting, International Journal on Drug Policy, 25, 257-266.
  5. ATTC National Office. (2010). CONNECT to Fight Prescription Drug Abuse. Retrieved January 9, 2018 from
  6. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2015). NIDA InfoFacts: Prescription and Over-the-Counter Medications. Rockville, MD: National Institutes of Health. Retrieved January 9, 2018 from
  7. Jamison, R.N., Butler, S.F., Budman, S.H., et al. (2010). Gender differences in risk factors for aberrant prescription opioid use. Journal of Pain, 11(4), 312-320.
  8. Fishbain, D.A. (2003). Chronic opioid treatment, addiction, and pseudo-addiction in patients with chronic pain. Psychiatric Times, 20(2), 1-2.
  9. Coluzzi, F. & Pappagallo, M. (2005). Opioid therapy for chronic noncancer pain: Practice guidelines for initiation and maintenance of therapy. Minerva Anestesiologica, 71(7-8), 425-433.
  10. Heit, H.A. (2003). Addiction, physical dependence, and tolerance: Precise definitions to help clinicians evaluate and treat chronic pain patients. Journal of Pain and Palliative Care Pharmacology, 17(1), 15-29.
  11. Strassels, S.A., McNichol, E., & Suleman, R. (2005). Postoperative pain management: A practical review, part 1. American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, 62(18), 1904-1916.
  12. Bickel, W.K., Stitzer, M.L., Bigelow, G.E., et al. (1988). A clinical trial of buprenorphine: Comparison with methadone in the detoxification of heroin addicts. Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics43, 72-78.
  13. Ball, J.C., Lange, W.R., Myers, C.P., et al. (1988). Reducing the risk of AIDS through methadone maintenance treatment. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 29(3), 214-226.
  14. Fischer, G., Gombas, W., Eder, H., et al. (1999). Buprenorphine versus methadone maintenance for the treatment of opioid dependence. Addiction, 94(9), 1337-1347.
  15. Johnson, R.E., Eissenberg, T., Stitzer, M.L., et al. (1995). A placebo controlled clinical trial of buprenorphine as a treatment for opioid dependence. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 40(1), 17-25.
  16. Ling, W., Charuvastra, C., Collins, J.F., et al. (1998). Buprenorphine maintenance treatment of opiate dependence: A multicenter, randomized clinical trial. Addiction, 93, 475-486.
  17. Webster, L.R., & Webster, R.M.. (2005). Predicting aberrant behaviors in opioid-treated patients: Preliminary validation of the opioid risk tool. Pain Medicine, 6(6). 432-442.
  18. Adams, L.L., Gatchel, R.J., Robinson, R.C., et al. (2004). Development of a self-report screening instrument for assessing potential opioid medication misuse in chronic pain patients.Journal of Pain Symptom Management, 27(5), 440-459.
  19. Butler, S.F., Budman, S.H., Fernandez, K., et al. (2004). Validation of a screener and opioid assessment measure for patients with chronic pain. Pain, 112(1-2). 65-75.
  20. Friedman, R., Li, V., & Mehrotra, D. (2003). Treating pain patients at risk: Evaluation of a screening tool in opioid-treated pain patients with and without addiction. Pain Medicine, 4(2), 183-185.
  21. Pew Charitable Trusts. (2016). Medication-Assisted Treatment Improves Outcomes for Patients with Opioid Use Disorder Fact Sheet. Retrieved January 9, 2018 from


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Pacific Southwest Addiction Technology Transfer Center
Pacific AIDS Education and Training Center
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