ISAP Researchers' Profiles
Christine E. Grella, Ph.D.
Christine E. Grella, Ph.D., is a Professor of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences at the Integrated Substance Abuse Programs (ISAP), Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California, Los Angeles, and Associate Director of ISAP. Her research focuses on the intersection of multiple service delivery systems, including substance abuse treatment, mental health, child welfare, health services, HIV services, and criminal justice. Her work has examined the relationship of service delivery to treatment outcomes, focusing on treatment for women, adolescents, individuals in the criminal justice system, and individuals with co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders. She has published her work widely in the areas of addiction, mental health, health services, and evaluation research. Dr. Grella directs the NIDA-funded pre- and post-doctoral training program at ISAP and is a Co-Investigator and Director of the Research and Methods Support Core of the NIDA-funded Center for Advancing Longitudinal Drug Abuse Research (CALDAR).
Education and Training
- University of California, Los Angeles, B.A., Psychology, 1977
- University of California, Santa Cruz, M.A., Psychology, 1982
- University of California, Santa Cruz, Ph.D., Psychology, 1985
- University of California, Los Angeles, Post-Doc, Evaluation Research, 1989
- Health services research
- Treatment processes & outcomes
- Gender differences & gender-specific treatment for women
- Outcome evaluation of treatment for adolescents, homeless individuals, individuals with co-occurring disorders, and individuals in the criminal justice system
- Longitudinal follow-up studies
UCLA Integrated Substance Abuse Programs
11075 Santa Monica Blvd., Suite 100
Los Angeles, CA 90025
Grella, C.E., Stein, J.A., & Greenwell, L. (2005). Associations among childhood trauma, adolescent problem behaviors, and adverse adult outcomes in substance-abusing women offenders. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 19(1), 43-53.
Grella, C.E., Scott, C.K, & Foss, M.A. (2005). Gender differences in long-term drug treatment outcomes in Chicago PETS. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 28(2S), S3-S12.
Gil-Rivas, V., & Grella, C.E. (2005). Treatment services and service delivery models for dually diagnosed clients: Variations across mental health and substance abuse providers. Community Mental Health Journal, 41(3), 251-266.
Grella, C.E., Hser, Y.I., Teruya, C., and Evans, L. (2005). How can research-based findings be used to improve practice? Perspectives from participants in a statewide outcomes monitoring study. Journal of Drug Issues, 35(3), 465-479.
Grella, C.E., & Greenwell, L. (2006). Parental status and attitudes toward parenting among substance-abusing female offenders. The Prison Journal, 86(1), 89-113.
Grella, C.E., Hser, Y.I., & Huang, Y.C. (2006). Mothers in substance abuse treatment: Differences in characteristics based on involvement with child welfare. Child Abuse and Neglect, 30(1), 55-73.
Grella, C.E., & Stein, J.A. (2006). Impact of program services on treatment outcomes of patients with comorbid mental and substance use disorders. Psychiatric Services, 57(7), 1007-1015.
Messina, N., & Grella, C.E. (2006). Childhood trauma and women’s health outcomes in a California prison population. American Journal of Public Health, 96(10), 1842-1848.
Grella, C.E., Greenwell, L., Prendergast, M., Farabee, D., Hall, E., Cartier, J., & Burdon, W. (2007). Organizational characteristics of drug abuse treatment programs for offenders. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 32, 291-300.
Grella, C.E., & Greenwell, L. (2007). Treatment needs and completion of community-based aftercare among substance-abusing women offenders. Women’s Health Issues, 17(4), 244-255.
Grella, C.E., Scott, C.K, Foss, M., & Dennis, M.L. (2008). Gender similarities and differences in the treatment, relapse, and recovery cycle. Evaluation Review, 32(1), 113-137.
Grella, C.E., Greenwell, L., Prendergast, M. L., Sacks, S., & Melnick, G. (2008). Diagnostic profiles of offenders in substance abuse treatment programs. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 26, 369-388.
Grella, C.E. (2008). From generic to gender-responsive treatment: Changes in social policies, treatment services, and outcomes of women in substance abuse treatment. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, SARC Supplement 5, 327-343.
Grella, C.E. (2009). Treatment seeking and utilization among women with substance use disorders. In K.T. Brady, S.E. Back & S. Greenfield (Eds.), Women and addiction (pp. 307-322). New York: Guilford Publications.
Grella, C.E., & Anglin, M.D. (Eds.) (2009). Addiction health services research [Special issue in memory of Douglas Longshore]. Journal of Behavioral Health Services and Research, 36(2).
Grella, C.E., Needell, B.N., Shi, Y., & Hser, Y.I. (2009). Do drug treatment services predict reunification outcomes of mothers and their children in child welfare? Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 36(3), 278-293.
Grella, C.E., Karno, M.P., Warda, U.S., Niv, N., & Moore, A.A. (2009). Gender and comorbidity among individuals with opioid use disorders in the NESARC Study. Addictive Behaviors, 34(6), 498-504.
Gil-Rivas, V., Prause, J.A., & Grella, C.E. (2009). Substance use after residential treatment among individuals with co-occurring disorders: The role of anxiety/depressive symptoms and trauma exposure. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 23(2), 303-314.
Greenfield, S.F., & Grella, C.E. (2009). What is “women-focused” treatment for substance use disorders? Psychiatric Services, 60(7), 880-882.
Grella, C.E., Karno, M.P., Warda, U.S., Moore, A.A., & Niv, N. (2009). Perceptions of need and help received for substance dependence in a national probability survey. Psychiatric Services, 60(8), 1068-1074.
Grella, C.E., Greenwell, L., Mays, V.M., & Cochran, S.D. (2009). Influence of gender, sexual orientation, and need on treatment utilization for substance use and mental disorders: Findings from the California Quality of Life Survey. BMC Psychiatry, 9:52.
Wu, N.S., Schairer, L.C., Dellor, E., & Grella, C. (2010). Childhood trauma and health outcomes in adults with comorbid substance abuse and mental health disorders. Addictive Behaviors, 35(1), 68–71.
Niv, N., Warda, U., Grella, C.E., Moore, A.A., Sarkisyan, D. & Karno, M.P. (2010). Substance use disorders and treatment utilization among MDMA users: Results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Journal of Drug Issues.
Grella, C.E., Stein, J.A., Weisner, C., Chi, F.W., & Moos, R.H. (2010). Predictors of longitudinal substance use and mental health outcomes for patients in two service delivery systems. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 110(1-2), 92-100.
Grella, C.E., Cochran, S.D., Greenwell, L., & Mays, V.M. (2011). Effects of sexual orientation and gender on perceived need for treatment by persons with and without mental disorders. Psychiatric Services, 62, 404-410.
Steinberg, J., Grella, C.E., Boudov, M., Kerndt, P.R., & Kadrnka, C. (2011). Methamphetamine use and high-risk sexual behavior among incarcerated female adolescents with a diagnosed STD. Journal of Urban Health, 88(2), 352-364.
Grella, C.E., & Lovinger, K. (2011). 30-year trajectories of heroin and other drug use among men and women sampled from methadone treatment in California. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 118, 251-258.
Grella, C.E., & Shi, Y. (2011). Stability of outcomes following residential drug treatment for patients with co-occurring disorders. Journal of Dual Diagnosis, 7(1-2), 103-112.
Grella, C.E., & Rodriguez, L. (2011). Motivation for treatment among women offenders in prison-based treatment and longitudinal outcomes among those who participate in community aftercare. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 43(S1), 58-67.
Grella, C.E., & Lovinger, K. (2012). Gender differences in physical and mental health outcomes among an aging cohort of individuals with a history of heroin dependence. Addictive Behaviors, 37(3), 306-212
Stein, J.A., Zane, J.I., & Grella, C.E. (2012). Impact of abstinence self-efficacy and treatment services on physical health-related behaviors and problems among dually diagnosed patients. Journal of Dual Diagnosis, 8(1), 64-73.
Grella, C.E. (2012). The long and winding roads to recovery [Review of the book “Survivors of Addiction: Narratives of Recovery” by M. Addenbrooke]. PsycCRITIQUES, 57(2).
Grella C.E. (2012). Regular primary care and specialty care as needed is associated with remission from alcohol and drug use disorders over 9 years. Evidence Based Mental Health. [Epub ahead of print]
Cochran, S.D., Grella, C.E., & Mays, V.M. (2012). Do substance use norms and perceived drug availability mediate sexual orientation differences in patterns of substance use? Results from the California Quality of Life Survey II. Journal of Studies of Alcohol and Drugs, 73(4), 675-685.
Stein, J. A., Grella, C.E., Conner, B.T., & Gelberg, L. (2012). Addiction syndrome and homelessness. In H. J. Shaffer, D.A., LaPlante, & S.E. Nelson (Eds.), APA Addiction Syndrome Handbook: Vol. 2: Recovery, Prevention, and Other Issues. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association, pp. 457 – 571.
Grella, C.E., Lovinger, K., & Warda, U. (2013). Relationships among trauma exposure, familial characteristics, and PTSD: A case control study of women in prison and in the general population. Women and Criminal Justice, 23(1), 63-79.
Steinberg, J.K., Grella, C.E., & Boudov, M.R. (2013). Risky sexual behavior and negative health consequences among incarcerated female adolescents: Implications for public health policy and practice. In B. Sanders, Y.F. Thomas, & B. G. Deeds (Eds.). Crime, HIV and Health: Intersections of Criminal Justice and Public Health Concerns. New York: Springer, pp. 63-79.
Last updated - 08/20/2013
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